Instructions for Authors

Preparing your manuscript (Case report/series)

The information below details the section headings that you should include in your manuscript and what information should be within each section.



The Abstract should not exceed 300 words. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract. The abstract must include the following separate sections:

  • Background: why the case should be reported and its novelty
  • Case Report: a brief description of the patient’s clinical and demographic details, the diagnosis, any interventions, and the outcomes
  • Conclusions: a brief summary of the clinical impact or potential implications of the case report



Three to ten keywords representing the main content of the article according to MeSH terms.




The Background section should explain the background to the case report or study, its aims, a summary of the existing literature.


►Case Presentation

This section should include a description of the patient’s relevant demographic details, medical history, symptoms and signs, treatment or intervention, outcomes, and any other significant details.



This should discuss the relevant existing literature



It should state clearly the main conclusions, including an explanation of their relevance or importance to the field.



All manuscripts must contain the following sections under the heading 'Declarations':

  • Ethics approval and consent to participate
  • Consent for publication
  • Availability of data and material
  • Competing interests
  • Funding
  • Authors' contributions
  • Acknowledgments
  • Authors' information (optional)

Please see General Formation Guideline for details on the information to be included in these sections.

If any of the sections are not relevant to your manuscript, please include the heading and write 'Not applicable' for that section. 



All the references must be prepared by the Vancouver style. The original article could have up to 25 references. Also, please see the General Formation Guideline to prepared this section.


Figures, tables and additional files

See General Formation Guideline for information on how to format figures, tables, and additional files.