Instructions for Authors

Preparing your manuscript (Review Article, Meta-Analysis)

The information below details the section headings that you should include in your manuscript and what information should be within each section.



The unstructured abstract should not exceed 300 words. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract.



Three to ten keywords representing the main content of the article according to MeSH terms.


►Main text

This should contain the body of the article, and may also be broken into subsections with short, informative headings.

Note: The meta-analysis could have the following subheadings: Introduction, Search Strategies, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion



This should state clearly the main conclusions and provide an explanation of the importance and relevance of the case, data, opinion, database, or software reported.



All manuscripts must contain the following sections under the heading 'Declarations':

  • Ethics approval and consent to participate
  • Consent for publication
  • Availability of data and material
  • Competing interests
  • Funding
  • Authors' contributions
  • Acknowledgments
  • Authors' information (optional)

Please see General Formation Guideline for details on the information to be included in these sections.

If any of the sections are not relevant to your manuscript, please include the heading and write 'Not applicable' for that section. 



All the references must be prepared by the Vancouver style. Review article and meta-analysis could have up to 150 references. Also, please see the General Formation Guideline to prepared this section.


Figures, Tables, and additional files

See General Formation Guideline for information on how to format figures, tables, and additional files.