Impact of NiO2 Nanoparticles and Curcumin on Testis Torsion/Detorsion Injury: Role of miR-34 and circRNA 0001518

  • Shabnam Zarei Moradi 1. Department of Genetics, Faculty of Biosciences, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
  • Seyed Abdolhamid Angaji 2. Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biosciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
  • Mitra Salehi 3. Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biosciences, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
  • Mehrdad Hashemi 4. Department of Genetics, Faculty of Advanced Science and Technology, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 5. Farhikhtegan Medical Convergence Sciences Research Center, Farhikhtegan Hospital, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Testicle, Torsion, Rat, Bcl-x, MiR-34, circRNA

Abstract

Background: Testicular torsion is one cause of infertility without proper treatment. In this study, we investigate the effects of NiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) and curcumin on sperm parameters in rats and the expressions of genes involved in the apoptotic pathway, as well as expressions of miR-34 and circRNA 0001518. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight rats were randomly divided into eight groups: control (healthy rats), control rats that received NiO2-NPs, healthy rats that received curcumin, rats that received simultaneous NiO2-NPs and curcumin, untreated testicular ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) rats, testicular I/R rats that received NiO2-NPs, testicular I/R rats that received curcumin, and testicular I/R rats that received NiO2-NPs and curcumin. Then, sperms were extracted from the rats’ epididymides to analyze concentration, viability, morphology, and motility. The cellular apoptosis level was studied using flow cytometry. Also, Bad and Bcl-X gene expressions, as well as miR-34 and circRNA 0001518 levels were measured. Results: We observed improved sperm parameters in the testicular I/R) rats that received curcumin and NiO2-NPs. Administration of NiO2-NPs to healthy rats increased both apoptosis and the Bad/Bcl-X expression ratio. However, its administration to testicular I/R rats alone or in combination with curcumin decreased apoptosis and the Bad/Bcl-X expression ratio and increased expressions of miR-34 and circRNA 0001518. Conclusion: Administration of NiO2-NPs and curcumin, alone or in combination, can have therapeutic effects in testicular I/R conditions by altering the expressions of genes in the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and their regulatory elements.

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Published
2021-12-31
How to Cite
Zarei Moradi, S., Angaji, S. A., Salehi, M., & Hashemi, M. (2021). Impact of NiO2 Nanoparticles and Curcumin on Testis Torsion/Detorsion Injury: Role of miR-34 and circRNA 0001518 . Galen Medical Journal, 10, e2342. https://doi.org/10.31661/gmj.v10i0.2342