Safety of Electro-Convulsive Therapy in Combination with Duloxetine in Treatment-resistant Depressive Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

  • Bahareh Fakhraei Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran; Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • Mojtaba Farjam Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
  • Ebrahim Moghimi Sarani Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • Nastaran Samimi Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran; Student Research Committee, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
  • Arvin Hedayati Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • Nematollah Jaafari Universite de Poitiers, Centre de Recherche Sur la Cognition et l Apprentissage CNRS 7295, Unité de Recherche Clinique en Psychiatrie du Centre Hospitalier Henri Laborit 86000 Poitiers
Keywords: Depressive Disorder, Duloxetine, Electro-convulsive Therapy, Sertraline, Cardiotoxicity

Abstract

Background: There are several strategies in the management of treatment-resistant depression (TRD), including the administration of other antidepressants, augmentation therapy, electro-convulsive therapy (ECT), and a combination of ECT and antidepressants. The safety of ECT combined with any medication must be confirmed. The aim of this study was to assess the safety of duloxetine and ECT combination therapy. Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, the probable side effects of ECT plus duloxetine were compared with ECT plus sertraline in two groups of admitted TRD patients. Patients with general medical diseases and/or any contraindications to ECT or any of the two drugs were excluded. General side effects, including nausea, vomiting, and headache reported by patients (hours after ECT) as well as cardiotoxicity by electrocardiogram (immediately after any ECT episode), cognitive status by mini-mental state examination (MMSE, one month after the last ECT), and seizure duration were recorded for each patient. Results: No significant differences were observed in nausea, vomiting, headache, and myalgia between ECT+duloxetine and ECT+sertraline groups. Heart rate, QTc interval, ST-T change, and the incidence of arrhythmia were the same between the two arms of the study. Also, no prolonged seizures and status epilepticus were recorded among the studied patients. The MMSE revealed no marked differences in the cognitive status among patients of the two groups. Conclusion: ECT+duloxetine and ECT+sertraline were equally safe in patients with TRD.

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Published
2022-12-17
How to Cite
Fakhraei, B., Farjam, M., Moghimi Sarani, E., Samimi, N., Hedayati, A., & Jaafari, N. (2022). Safety of Electro-Convulsive Therapy in Combination with Duloxetine in Treatment-resistant Depressive Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Galen Medical Journal, 11, e2408. https://doi.org/10.31661/gmj.v11i.2408
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Original Article