Selection of MicroRNAs Associated between Neural Stem Cells and Multiple Sclerosis

  • Sepideh Mandegarfard Department of Biology, Science and Art University, Yazd, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8842-8583
  • Ali Moradi School of Advanced Sciences and Technology, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2428-2631
  • Ahmad Bereimipour Department of Stem Cells and Developmental Biology, Cell Science Research Center, Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology, ACECR, Tehran, Iran; Faculty of Sciences and Advanced Technologies in Biology, University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Hoseinian Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Young Researchers and Elite Club, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
  • Sara Taleahmad Department of Stem Cells and Developmental Biology, Cell Science Research Center, Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: MicroRNAs, Neural Stem Cells, Multiple Sclerosis, Bioinformatics

Abstract

Background: Diagnosis and treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) in its advanced state have been one of the medical community's concerns so far. Cell therapy has been a modern and successful treatment. However, it has not yet been effective enough to treat MS. This study aimed to find the relationship between neural stem cells (NSCs) and MS, and by considering important signaling pathways of pathogenesis, the most important microRNAs (miRNAs) for its diagnosis and treatment were investigated. Materials and Methods: Using the bioinformatics approaches and appropriate databases, the relationship between NSCs and MS were recognized, and after obtaining common genes between them, the protein products by them were evaluated. Finally, after nominating essential genes, we isolated and analyzed the microarrays involved in these pathways. Results: In the first step, 76 upregulated and 1600 down-regulated common genes between NSCs and MS were recognized. Upregulated genes obtained axon guidance, NCAM, and RHO signaling pathways, and the cell cycle, RNA metabolism, and DNA repair signaling pathways by down-regulated genes. Then, high-expression PAK3, ROBO2, and LIMK2, and low-expression AURKA, BIRC5, BLM, and BRCA1 proteins were identified. Accordingly, high-expression miRNAs included hsa-miR-4790-5p, hsa-miR-4281, and hsa-miR-4327, but low-expression miRNAs included hsa-miR-103b, hsa-miR-638, and hsa-miR-4537 were recognized. Conclusion: Our study indicated that the abovementioned important miRNAs have a major role in diagnosing and treating MS.

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Published
2022-12-31
How to Cite
Mandegarfard , S., Moradi, A., Bereimipour, A., Hoseinian, M., & Taleahmad, S. (2022). Selection of MicroRNAs Associated between Neural Stem Cells and Multiple Sclerosis . Galen Medical Journal, 11, e2497. https://doi.org/10.31661/gmj.v11i.2497
Section
Original Article