Association between Elevated TNF-α Levels and Severe Malaria
Daffa Alla N, Sukkar MY. IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-10 responses in children infected with malaria parasite. Khartoum Med J. 2015; 8(3):1143-1152.
Mohamedahmed KA; Abakar AD; Ahmed MO; Mukhtar MM; Nour BYM. The Role of TNF-α Levels as Predictive Diagnostic Biomarker Among Children with Severe Falciparum Malaria in Endemic Area in Sudan. IJAHMR. 2019;3(7):1-6.
Sinha S, Mishra SK, Sharma S, Patibandla PK, Mallick PK, Sharma SK, et al. Polymorphisms of TNF-enhancer and gene for FcgammaRIIa correlate with the severity of falciparum malaria in the ethnically diverse Indian population. Malar J. 2008;7:13.
Thuma PE, van Dijk J, Bucala R, Debebe Z, Nekhai S, Kuddo T, et al. Distinct clinical and immunologic profiles in severe malarial anemia and cerebral malaria in Zambia. J Infect Dis. 2011;203(2):211-9.
Deroost K, Pham TT, Opdenakker G, Van den Steen PE. The immunological balance between host and parasite in malaria. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2016;40(2):208-57.
Wammes LJ, Wiria AE, Toenhake CG, Hamid F, Liu KY, Suryani H et al. Asymptomatic plasmodial infection is associated with increased tumor necrosis factor receptor II-expressing regulatory T cells and suppressed type 2 immune responses. J Infect Dis. 2013;207(10):1590-1599.
Cabantous S, Doumbo O, Ranque S, Poudiougou B, Traore A, Hou X, et al. Alleles 308A and 238A in the tumor necrosis factor alpha gene promoter do not increase the risk of severe malaria in children with Plasmodium falciparum infection in Mali. Infect Immun. 2006;74(12):7040-7042.
Ekvall H. Malaria and anemia. Curr Opin Hematol. 2003;10(2):108-114.
Dodoo D; Omer FM; Todd J; Akanmori BD; Koram KA; Riley EM. Absolute Levels and Ratios of Proinflammatory and Anti-inflammatory Cytokine Production In Vitro Predict Clinical Immunity to Plasmodium falciparum Malaria. J Infect Dis. 2002;185(7):971-9.
Flori L; Delahaye NF; Iraqi FA; Hernandez-Valladares M; Fumoux F; Rihet P. TNF as a malaria candidate gene: polymorphism-screening and family-based association analysis of mild malaria attack and parasitemia in Burkina Faso. Genes and Immun. 2005;6(6):472-480.
Copyright (c) 2023 Galen Medical Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).