Stroke subtypes in southern Iran

  • Rasool Safari Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
  • Afshin Borhanihaghighi Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
  • Seyed Taghi Heydari Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
  • Anahid Safari Kazeroon Azad University of Medical Sciences
  • Salvador Cruz-Flores Department of Neurology, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, TX, USA.
Keywords: Cerebrovascular disease, stroke, ischemic, hemorrhagic, subarachnoid hemorrhage, subtype


Objective: To investigate about frequency of different subtypes of stroke in south of IranMethods: This  is a retrospective, single-center study  conducted at Namazi Hospital, Shiraz, south of Iran. Age, sex, length of hospitalization and  mortality  of  stroke patients were recorded by reviewing hospital medical records.Results: 16 351 patients (53.6% male, 46.4%female) were recruited.  Ischemic stroke (10750 patients, 65.7%), intracerebral hemorrhage(3282 patients,20.1%) and subarachnoid hemorrhage(1057 patients,6.5%)  were the most common subtypes of stroke, respectively. In 1262 patients (7.7%) the stroke subtype could not been specified. Ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage were more common in men but subarachnoid hemorrhage was more common in women. Subarachnoid hemorrhage occurred significantly in younger patients. Mortality was significantly higher in intracerebral hemorrhage. Hospital stay was significantly longer in subarachnoid hemorrhage group.Conclusion: the distribution of the different  subtypes of stroke in Iran is similar to Caucasians.


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How to Cite
Safari, R., Borhanihaghighi, A., Heydari, S. T., Safari, A., & Cruz-Flores, S. (2015). Stroke subtypes in southern Iran. Galen Medical Journal, 4(1), 47-49.
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