Cover Image

The Effectiveness of Group-Therapy Intervention on Quality of Life and Hope of Women Infected with Human immunodeficiency virus

Niloufar Mohammadpour DoughAbadi, Aliakbar Soleimani, khodabakhsh ahmadi, Nasirudin Javidi

Background: AIDS is one of the most important causes of death in the world and the affected patients, in addition to physical problems, experience various psychological problems, especially symptoms of depression such as hopelessness, isolation and social isolation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of group-therapy intervention to improve quality of life and hope in women with HIV.

Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, pretest and post-test design with a control group was used. The sample size included 24 HIV-positive patients referring to Health Care Center of Mashhad city in 2014 that were randomly divided into 12 patients in the case group and 12 in the control group. For data analysis, multivariate analysis of covariance was used.

Results: The results showed that hope therapy interventions improved the quality of life of patients with HIV in two dimensions (cognitive and social). The interventions led to a significant increase in both navigational and operating dimensions of hope in the experimental group, compared with the control group.

Conclusion: Therefore, interventions with the protocol of hope therapy can improve quality of life and hope in patients with certain diseases. Regarding the efficacy of the intervention of hope therapy, it is suggested that this method be used as a procedure in AIDS counselling.

Keywords: Group Therapy, Quality Of Life, Hope, AIDS
Group Therapy; Quality of Life; Hope; Human immunodeficiency virus

Javtz, Medical Microbiology, Translation by Judge Saidi, second edition, published by rafi thoughts; 2014

Levinson, War, Medical Microbiology Javtz, Translator by Abdul Reza Mansouri-Rad, A. Setoodenia), the arjmand publication; 2015

Atkinson, Rittal L, et al. Hylgard psychology context, Hassan Rafiey and others, Tehran, Arjmand publication; 2007, Sixth Edition, Volume II.

Saadat,M.,Behboodi,Z,M.,Saadat,E.,Comparison of depression,anxiety,stress and related factors among women and men with HIV infection.J.Human Reprod Sci,2015:8(1):48-51.

Abaei, A. social causes and consequences of labeling in patients with HIV in 2009 in Mashhad, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad master's thesis, 2010; Faculty of Literature and Humanities.

van Leth, F., Conway, B., Laplumé, H., Martin, D., Fisher, M., Jelaska, A., Lange, J. Quality of life in patients treated with first-line antiretroviral therapy containing nevirapine and/or efavirenz. Antiviral therapy, 2004; 9(5), 721-728.

Reis, A., Guerra, M. P., & Lencastre, L. Treatment adherence, quality of life and clinical variables in HIV/AIDS infection. World Journal of AIDS, 2013; 3(03), 239.

Campsmith, M. L., Nakashima, A. K., & Davidson, A. J. Self-reported health-related quality of life in persons with HIV infection: results from a multi-site interview project. Health and Quality of life Outcomes, 2003; 1(1), 12.

Kidia, K., Machando, D., Bere, T., Macpherson, K., Nyamayaro, P., Potter, L., . . . Araya, R. ‘I was thinking too much’: experiences of HIV‐positive adults with common mental disorders and poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe. Tropical Medicine & International Health. 2015

Arjun, B. Y., Unnikrishnan, B., Ramapuram, J. T., Thapar, R., Mithra, P., Kumar, N., . . . Darshan, B. Factors Influencing Quality of Life among People Living with HIV in Coastal South India. Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (JIAPAC), 2015

Serafini, G., Montebovi, F., Lamis, D. A., Erbuto, D., Girardi, P., Amore, M., & Pompili, M. Associations among depression, suicidal behavior, and quality of life in patients with human immunodeficiency virus. World journal of virology, 2015; 4(3), 303.

Johnson,W,D.,et al., Behavioral intervention to reduce risk for sexual transmission of HIVamong men who have sex with men.Cochrance Database Syst Rev, 2008; Jul 16(3):CD001230.

Nakimuli-Mpungu,E., etal., Developing a culturally sensitive group support intervention for depression among HIV infected and non infected Ugandan adults:a quantitative study. J Affect Disord. 2014; 163:10-7.

Heckman,Timothy,G., etal., Supportive –Expressive and Coping Group teletherapies for HIV –infected older Adults:A randomized clinical trial.AIDS AIDS Behav. 2013 Nov; 17(9): 10.1007/s10461-013-0441-0.

Sherman,Allen,C., etal., Group interventions for patients with cancer and HIV disease:Part 1:Effects on psychosocial and functional outcomes at different phases of illness.Psychotherapy.2014; 54(1):29-82.

Lee,Mary,R,.etala,. Cognitive Behavioral group therapy with medication for Depressed Gay men with AIDS or symptomatic HIV infection.American Psychiatric Publishing.1999; 50:948-952.

Sibongile,Mitetwa.,etal., "You are wasting our drugs."health service barriers to HIV treatment for sex workers in Zimbabwae.BMC Public Health.2013;13:698.

Chibanda, D., Cowon, F. M., Healy, g., Abas, M., & Lond, C. psychological intervention for common mental disorder for people living with HIV in law-and middle income countries: Systematic Review, topical medicine and international health. 2015; doi: 10/1111/tmi.12500

Rodkjaer,L., etal., HIV-infected individuals with high coping self efficacy are less likely to report depressive symptoms:a cross-sectional study from Denmark.Int.J.Infect .Dis.2014:22:67-72.

Carr, A. Positive Psychology: The Science of Happiness and Human forces, translated by Pasha Shariati, Hasan and colleagues, Tehran: Sokhan Publication. 2006

Lopez, S. J. Making hope happen: Create the future you want for yourself and others: Simon and Schuster. 2013

Abedini E. Effectiveness of group therapy based on hope therapy approach in increasing expectancy, reducing depression and quality of life in women with multiple sclerosis. Master thesis at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology. 2013

Snyder, C. R., Harris, C., Anderson, J. R., Holleran, S. A., Irving, L. M., Sigmon, S. T., . . Harney, P. The will and the ways: development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope. Journal of personality and social psychology, 1991; 60(4), 570.

Ataie Moghanloo, Roghayeh, the effectiveness of group therapy on cognitive emotion regulation expectancy and well-being of patients with AIDS, Tabriz University master's thesis, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences. 2014

Stuber, J., Meyer, I., & Link, B. Stigma, prejudice, discrimination and health. Social science & medicine , 2008: 67(3), 351.

Yousefi, Arezu, the effectiveness of hope therapy on quality of life and subjective well-being among spouses of veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder, Semnan University master's thesis, Faculty of Educational sciences and Psychology. 2014

Kennedy ,NKhoma.,Saymour,J.,Arthur ,Anthony.,An educational intervention to reduce pain and improve pain management for Malawian people living with HIV/AIDS and their family carers:study protocol for randomized contolled trial.BioMed Central 2013:14:216.

Ebtehaj Fard, Mahin. the effectiveness of the group hope therapy on quality of life and well-being of Schizophrenia, master's thesis, Payam Noor University of Tehran. 2010

Rasouli, Mohsen, Bahramian, Jassem, Zahrakar, Kianoush. The impact of the group hope therapy on quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis, Journal of Psychiatric Nursing, 2013; Volume I, Issue 4.

Yi, S., Chhoun, P., Suong, S., Thin, K., Brody, C., & Tuot, S. AIDS-Related Stigma and Mental Disorders among People Living with HIV: A Cross-Sectional Study in Cambodia. PloS one, 2015; 10(3), e0121461.

Kidia, K., Machando, D., Bere, T., Macpherson, K., Nyamayaro, P., Potter, L., Araya, R.

. ‘I was thinking too much’: experiences of HIV‐positive adults with common mental disorders and poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe. Tropical Medicine & International Health. 2015

Zunner, B., Dworkin, S. L., Neylan, T. C., Bukusi, E. A., Oyaro, P., Cohen, C. R., . . . Meffert, S. M. HIV, violence and women: Unmet mental health care needs. Journal of affective disorders, 2015; 174, 619-626.

Seligman, Martin, aperture, David Walker, Elaine . Psychopathology. Translation: Reza Rostami, Ali Lily and Mina Ghobadi. First Edition. 2010; Tehran. arjmand book. Tomorrow generation..

Bijari, Hania; Ghanbari Hashem Abadi, Bahramali; aghamohamadian sherbaf, Hamid Reza & Homaie Shandiz, F. “Reviewing the effectiveness of hope therapy-based treatment approach to increasing the life expectancy of women with breast cancer, Journal of Educational studies and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 2009; Volume I, Issue 1, 171-178.

Snyder, C. R, & Lopez, S, G. Positive Psychology, New York Published by Oxford University Press, Inc. 2007

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.