Prevalence Survey of Sexual Dysfunction among Women in the Reproductive Age Group Referred to the Islamic Azad University Hospital During 2011-2012

Zhila Amirkhani, Ehsan Jangholi, Pariroukh Ramezi, Mahsa Shafiei, Mahsa Saberi, Niloofar Sadreddini, Sima Gheraati, Sarah Yassami

Background: Sexual dysfunctions are common and are regarded as important health problems for women of all ages with related quality of life issues. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to explore the frequency of sexual dysfunction among women in reproductive age group referred to the Islamic Azad University hospitals.

Materials and Methods: This study was performed on married women selected by simple random sampling, aged 15-45 years who referred to Boo–Ali, Amir-Al-Momenin and Javaheri hospitals in Tehran, Iran from August 2011 to August 2012. Data were collected by face-to-face interview and completion of self-report questionnaires that assessed sexual functions among women in six separate dimensions. Analysis was done using Pearson correlation coefficient by SPSS 14.0; significant difference was set at 0.05.

Results: A total of 384 women with mean age of 28.6±7.1 years were enrolled. The mean Body Mass Index (BMI) was 27.4±2.6 kg/m2. Ninety-seven subjects (25.2%) had never attained an orgasm, 31 (8%) had a low level satisfactory relationship with their husband, 55(14.3%) had painful intercourse, 42(10.9%) had arousal disorder, all of which increased significantly with age (P=0.003). Female Sexual dysfunctions had a significant negative correlation with BMI (P=0.004). The emotional relationship (P=0.003) and educational level (P=0.08) were significantly associated with the Female Sexual Function (FSF) score. No significant difference was detected in marriage duration (P=0.081) and used contraception methods (P=0.081).

Conclusion: The prevalence of female sexual dysfunction including desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain problems increased with age and BMI. In addition, lower educational level is an associated factor that may cause sexual dysfunction. Also, emotional relationship had positive association with FSF score, while it was not associated with the use of contraceptive methods.

Sexual dysfunction; FSFI; Female; Reproductive age

Mah K, Binik YM. The nature of human orgasm: A critical review of major trends. Clinical Psychology Review 2000; 21(6): 823-56.

Oksuz E, MalhanS .Prevalence and risk factors for female sexual dysfunction in Turkish women. J Urol.2006; 175(2):654–58.

Laumann EO, Paik A, Rosen RC. Sexual dysfunction in the United States: prevalence and predictors.JAMA 1999 ; 281(6):537–44.

Mercer CH, Fenton KA, Johnson AM, Wellings K, Macdowall W, McManus S, et al. Sexual function problems and help seeking behaviour in Britain: national probability sample survey. BMJ 2003;327(7412):426­7.

Masters WH, Johnson VE: Human sexual inadequacy. 1th ed.Boston: Little, Brown; 1970.

Verit FF, Yeni E, Kafali H. Progress in female sexual dysfunction. Urol Int. 2006;76(1):1-10.

Olarinoye J, Olarinoye A. Determinates of sexual function among women with type 2 diabetes in Nigerian Population. J Sex Med. 2008;5(4):878-86.

Crowley T, Goldmeier D, Hiller J. Diagnosing and managing vaginismus. BMJ. 2009;3(38): 222-8.

Irwin Goldstein. Urologic Management of women with sexual health concerns. Alan J Wein, Louis R. Kavoussi, Editors. Campbell’s Walsh Urology. Philadelphia:Saunders Company; 2007, 863-89.

Nappi RE, Albani F, Vaccaro P, Gardella B, Salonia A, Chiovato L, et al. Use of the Italian translation of the female sexual function index (FSFI) in routine gynecological practice. Gynecolendocrinol. 2008; 24(4):214-9.

Bernardo A. Sexuality in patients with coronary disease and heart failure. Herz. 2001;26(5):454-9.

Basirnia A, Sahimi-Izadian E, Arbabi M, Bayay Z, Vahid-Vahdat S, NoorbalaA,et al. Systematic Review of Prevalence of Sexual Disorders in Iran. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry.2007;2(4):151-6.

MohammadiKh, Heydari M, Faghihzade S. Validity ofthe Persian version of the female sexual function index (FSFI) as an indicatorof women's sexualfunction. Payesh. 2008;7(3):269-78.[ Persian]

Elnashar AM, El-Dien Ibrahim M, El-Desoky MM, Ali OM, El-Sayd Mohamed Hassan M .Female sexual dysfunction in Lower Egypt. BJOG.2007; 114(2):201–6.

Shakeri S, Mohammadloo HB, Arabzadeh L, GaraeiARG.Correlation between HbA1C serum level and Sexual dysfunction in women with diabetes mellitus. GMJ.2012; 1(1):13-9.

Abdo CHN, Oliveira WM, Moreira Jr ED, Fittipaldi JAS. Prevalence of sexual dysfunctions and correlated conditions in a sample of Brazilian women – results of the Brazilian study on sexual behavior (BSSB). Int J Impot Res 2004; 16: 160–6.

SafarinejadMR . Female sexual dysfunction in a population-based study in Iran: prevalence and associated risk factors.Int J Impot Res.2006; 18(4):382–39.

Addis IB, Van Den Eeden SK, Wassel-Fyr CL, Vittinghoff E,Brown JS, Thom DH, et al. Sexual activity and function in middle-aged and older women. Obstet Gynecol.2008; 107(4):755–64.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.